According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), approximately 90-95% of all people who were tested for blood sugar were diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.
Usually, Type 2 is prominent in adults aged 45 or above. Yet, today, children and young adults are also diagnosed with the condition.
The question now is:
Why do so many people have Type 2 diabetes? And why is it more common than Type 1?
There are different causes behind low insulin sensitivity and production.
The most common reasons for type 2 diabetes are:
Type 2 diabetes can be passed down from generation to generation through family genes. If your parents were diagnosed with the condition, it is more likely that you or one of your siblings is also susceptible.
In fact, a study of twins shows that one twin is likely to have the diabetes gene.
However, unlike Type 1 diabetes, the onset of Type 2 can be triggered by several factors including:
2. Sedentary Lifestyle
If you prefer watching TV than exercising during your spare time, it’s more likely that you will develop Type 2 diabetes, and perhaps other related complications.
That’s why people with Type 2 are advised to do at least 150 minutes of exercise each week. That’s just 30 minutes 5 days a week.
Exercise is critical. It can even lower the risk of developing by 58%.
It also helps…
- Keep your blood sugar levels within the healthy range.
- Improve your Hemoglobin bA1c values
- Keep your heart beating healthy and strong
Exercising also helps your muscles burn the glucose in your bloodstream and can help your body use insulin more efficiently.
3. Unhealthy Food Choices
Since diabetes prevents the body from regulating blood glucose levels, eating the wrong diet can cause glucose spikes, and the development of serious health problems.
Similarly, eating large portions of unhealthy foods can lead to weight gain, which makes it even harder for your body to regulate insulin.
Carbohydrate rich foods, such as bread, potatoes and rice, can spike your blood sugar. And, if your body cannot properly use and burn those carbs as energy, the glucose from those foods stays in your blood, elevating your blood sugar levels. Eventually, this can lead to type 2 diabetes.
Although carbohydrates are beneficial, it’s still important to control your intake. As much as possible, limit eating milk products, sweet foods, and fruits.
Instead, eat less processed foods and keep a diet that is rich in fiber, with very little salt or fat. Vegetables are the best options for you to get the carbs you need while staying healthy.
If you are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, make sure you eat a healthy diet and exercise at least five hours a week.
If you need additional support, join our “Winning Type 2 Diabetes Together” group on Facebook where we offer support, advice, friendships, recipes, and anything else speaking type 2!