Protein and Glucose Levels

Many people are not aware of the idea that fat and protein play an important role in blood sugar fluctuations. Understanding how protein influence...

Many people are not aware of the idea that fat and protein play an important role in blood sugar fluctuations. Understanding how protein influences blood glucose can be groundbreaking for the way your family handles diabetes. We are hoping to give you vital tools to cope with post-meal glucose spikes.

How does protein affect blood sugar? One aspect of living with diabetes that everyone must consider is diet and exercise. We agree that there is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all solution to diet and diabetes. That is why people should speak with a trained health practitioner to create a diet plan that is right for them.

Once diagnosed with diabetes, you most certainly think that watching your carb and sugar intake is simple enough for maintaining optimal glucose levels.

Protein is one of the three primary energy-producing macronutrients, along with carbohydrates and fats. It aids the body in the formation of new tissue, the development of muscle, and the repair of damage. Besides this, it is a component of each cell in our body and accounts for about a sixth of our total body weight. Your body needs protein to function properly and carry out a daily routine.

A recent study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health, took over the course of twelve years to confirm the correlation between protein and high blood sugar. This study's alarming findings displayed that on average, individuals who eat a seemingly common 90 grams of animal protein a day have between a 6-17% higher chance of having high blood sugar and being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes.

Moreover, for those already diagnosed with diabetes, a higher intake of protein can often come along with other undesirable contents, such as high amounts of saturated fat, cholesterol, and sodium. Plan your diet with these simple considerations in mind to make sure that too much protein is not ruining your diabetes regimen. Discover the correlation between protein level intake and glucose level reading our article.

How does protein lower blood sugar?

Protein has a minor impact on blood sugar levels. In reality, protein helps to keep blood sugars stable by slowing the absorption of carbohydrates and sugars. The impact on blood glucose levels appears to occur progressively over a few hours because protein breaks down into glucose more slowly than carbohydrates. But when it comes to protein consumption it is all about balance. The two main forms of protein are those derived from animal products and those derived from plants. An excessive amount of animal protein in the diet can potentially increase the risk of having higher blood sugar levels over time.

Some protein foods also contain carbohydrates such as milk, yogurt, and cheese which will affect blood glucose levels, but these should still be included as part of a healthy diet. A diet rich in plant-based proteins can help to reduce this risk slightly.


How does protein raise insulin levels?

Insulin is needed by the body to allow glucose to move from the blood vessels into the cells that require energy. It is pretty well known that eating carbs cause insulin release. However, most people are unaware that protein triggers a similar reaction. Meat and eggs, which are rich in protein and nearly carb-free, have high levels of insulin index despite their low glycemic index. To put it another way, meat and eggs did not trigger a blood sugar spike as most carbohydrates do, they do cause a major increase in insulin levels.

Furthermore, high protein foods often activate insulin in the same way as high carbohydrate foods, if not more so. Consider the following scenario- consumption of beef and fish are both producing the same amount of insulin as brown rice. Cheese, beef, and fish all release more insulin per calorie than pasta (white or brown).

What is a recommended glucose level for a type 2 diabetic? High blood glucose, also known as hyperglycemia, is characterized as a level of glucose in the blood that is 160 mg/dl or higher than your personal blood glucose target.

What are normal protein levels?

As a part of regular healthcare checkups, The total protein test is done. The test determines the total amount of protein in your blood, with an emphasis on albumin and globulin levels. Normal protein levels should be between 6 and 8 grams per deciliter, but this range can slightly differ between the labs. In some particular cases, this test can be ordered by a doctor. In case you experienced:

  • Unexplained weight loss;
  • Edema;
  • Fatigue.

What does it mean if my protein level is high?

If the total protein test results are irregular, additional tests may be required to determine which proteins are abnormally high or low. This will allow for a more precise diagnosis. A high result could imply dehydration or chronic inflammation. Sometimes it is an indicator of more serious conditions like cancer that causes the protein to accumulate abnormally.

What causes low protein levels in the blood?

Low levels are occurring because of improper absorption of protein. This can indicate problems with the liver or kidney. In case albumin levels are lower than 3.4 g/dl, they can be related to a decrease in efficacy of ulcerative colitis drugs. Low levels of albumin can cause complications during and after surgery.


Your health care provider may suggest a personal glucose target range if you are already diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. Your diabetes care often requires lifestyle changes. To successfully maintain blood sugar control your days should consist of a healthy lifestyle, regular physical activity, and potentially weight loss.


What is a good random glucose level?

A random glucose test is one way to determine how much glucose or sugar is circulating in someone's blood at any point of the day. According to the American Diabetes Association (ADA), the reference values for a "standard" random glucose test in an average adult are blood sugar levels of 80–140 mg/dl, 140–200 mg/dl is considered pre-diabetes, and 200 mg/dl could be considered diabetes.

However, for a more accurate diagnosis, the doctor will normally repeat the test on another day. To help confirm the diagnosis, the doctor may also order different types of tests, such as a fasting glucose test or an OGTT. Also, you must take into consideration the age of a person. If we are talking about children under the age of six, blood glucose levels should be between 80-200 mg/dl on a daily basis. The amount of glucose for children can fluctuate from the time they wake up, after each meal, and until bedtime. These fluctuations and ranges are considered stable.

If we are talking about kids from age six to twelve can range from 80-180 mg/dl on a daily basis. The fluctuation of glucose is still very common, especially after meals. Limit snacks before bedtime to prevent a child's blood sugar from rising too high before bedtime, particularly if they have diabetes. Over the duration of a day, teenagers should have blood sugar levels that range from 70 to 150 mg/dL. Adolescents with diabetes frequently find the years to be the most difficult to handle because managing diabetes requires responsibility and behavior management that are not typical of most teenagers. Teenagers should monitor their blood sugar levels during the day to keep them between 70 - 150 mg/dl.

When is blood sugar high? The Oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) suggests that if standard blood sugar levels are less than 140 mg/dl (7.8 mmol/l) they are normal. After two hours, a high blood sugar level of more than 200 mg/dl (11.1 mmol/l) suggests diabetes. Prediabetes is defined as a blood sugar level of 140 to 199 mg/dl (7.8 to 11.0 mmol/l). These are indicators of recommended glucose levels for a diabetic.

So what are normal blood sugar levels?As we discussed before, to set the optimal ranges and levels we must take into consideration the age and condition of a person, type of test, and others. For more advice and support in your day-to-day life join our community.