- Diabetes is caused by sugar
Diabetes is not caused by sugar directly. Diabetes develops when your body is no longer able to make or utilize insulin. Sugar therefore cannot be converted into energy or fat, so it stays in your blood, elevating blood sugar over a long-period of time.
- Diabetes always comes with symptoms
While children with diabetes type 1 will for sure have symptoms, diabetes type 2 could go undiagnosed if you don’t do a blood test.
- Insulin cures diabetes
There is still no known cure for diabetes. By taking insulin, you help the glucose in your blood to get metabolized as energy. Insulin helps you control diabetes, but you cannot cure diabetes by injecting insulin or through any other drug or lifestyle change.
- Insulin pills help you control diabetes
Drug companies are trying to develop insulin pills, but there are still no approved oral insulin drugs available today. Until there are, you cannot take insulin orally. Insulin is a protein, so if taken by mouth, the stomach will digest it before it can enter the bloodstream. But, you can take certain diabetes pills that help you create more insulin and reduce carbohydrate absorption after meals.
- If you have diabetes, you need to take medicines
Many people with diabetes don’t need to take medications because their bodies still produce insulin and have a sufficient level of insulin sensitivity. In fact, it’s recommended to control diabetes by losing weight, having a healthy diet, and being physically active.
- Diabetes is contagious
Diabetes is not contagious. Although there does seem to be some genetic disposition that some families have diabetes, it cannot be caught like a cold or a flu. And even people with a higher genetic disposition to diabetes can usually avoid the disease through a healthy diet and lifestyle.
- If you have diabetes, you need to eat special foods
Most foods claiming to be healthy for people with diabetes offer no special benefits and they may even raise blood sugars. People with diabetes are recommended to eat a healthy diet that’s low in saturated fat and moderate in salt and sugar, lean protein, non-starchy vegetables, whole grains, healthy fats, and fruit.
- If you have diabetes, you can never eat chocolate or sweets
As part of a healthy meal plan and an active lifestyle, even chocolate or sweets can be eaten by people with diabetes, in moderation.